Basement waterproofing has developed into increasingly popular as homeowners have sought to convert rough basement space into living space. Waterproofing techniques and strategies can be grouped into two major categories: External and Internal. In this particular blog post we will explore popular methods and techniques of waterproofing basement walls externally.
Why waterproof your basement walls on the outside? Isn’t it true that internal waterproofing one is the most popular and less costly? Well generally speaking, yes. Internal methods really popular and a lot of can be extremely affordable. However, in fact internal basement waterproofing is not really waterproofing at all because you’re not preventing water from entering the basement walls. Rather, you’re devising methods of dealing with the water once it does enter. On one other hand, when you waterproof your basement walls externally you are actually preventing water from entering them in the first place. This is important because water is naturally destructive to building materials. Over time constant water exposure breaks down the composition of any material even the mortar and block of which most foundation walls produced.
So what can be done to the away from your basement wall structures? Well, exterior basement waterproofing really boils down to two types of strategies: drainage and barriers. There can also be a third strategy in order to as diversion which could be thought of regarding adjunct to drainage. Drainage means you’re installing systems to drain water from the bottom surrounding the attic. Considering that water follows the path of least resistance, you’re giving the water an easier approach to follow than to get in your foundation wall spaces. Diversion systems refers to the rain gutters and downspouts that are on your house. These systems are designed to divert that rain water away with all the ground surrounding the walls and therefore not place any undue burden on the drainage system. Barrier systems involve applying a waterproof coating to the outside surface of your foundation walls. This way the small volume of ground moisture talking to your basement walls will still not enter because cannot penetrate the waterproof barrier. All among the products, devices, and techniques available for external basement waterproofing fall under one of those 3 categories. Furthermore, just about all more effective if employed in concert with one just one more.
Both barrier and drainage methods have something in recognizable. They both require substantial excavation around the structure to expose the basement walls. This excavation represents the majority with the cost of exterior waterproofing and is probably the biggest reason most owners opt for interior solutions. Excavation isn’t costly but it is disruptive and risky or dangerous. An inexperienced operator can actually damage your foundation walls with an excavator. Excessive excavation at any one point can cause shifts in your foundation walls. Finally, there’s always opportunity to that excavation can harm an underground utility line that was either incorrectly marked or just not know about. Many of these possibilities can add substantially to of the the project. In spite of the risks and expenses related to external waterproofing the benefits may still convert it into a worthwhile endeavor.
Exterior drainage systems are usually described as footer drains or tile drains. Techniques are comprised from the channel that is dug around the perimeter of the foundation walls at a depth just below the wall footer. The channel is along with an aggregate, some other words, gravel. In the of the aggregate lies a line. The pipe has perforations that allow liquid water to enter. As ground water descends it finds little or no resistance to entering the trench because of the abundance of air spaces within the gravel (aggregate). Once in the trench, the water also easily enters the pipe through the perforations. The pipe then leads in order to remote drainage location such as a storm drain or an obvious ground water drainage path.
A good exterior footer drain system benefits greatly from the good diversion console. As we mentioned earlier, a diversion system is consists of the rain gutters and spouts on a building. You might be wondering why you need to worry about the rain water most commercial farmers use an underground system draining water from your house. The reason is because water carries silt any other particulate matter dissolved within it. Over time, that sediment accumulates within the footer drains and begins to obstruct the flow of water. The more water flowing into the footer drains, the faster sediment will accumulate. A good diversion system will keep most rain water out of the drainage system. This is accomplished with gutters collecting water from your roof edges and downspouts emptying at least 5 feet out from the foundation walls onto ground sloping away from the house. Ideally, the downspouts will drain into underground pipes emptying into storm drains. The more rain water is diverted away off the footer drainage system the longer your machine will last.
Finally, the barrier systems are waterproof layers applied facing outward surface of the premise walls. Once the ground is excavated to expose the wall surfaces any residue of soil is removed to get on a clean application. The barrier material, which typically referred to to be a sealant, is usually based on rubber or a plastic. Some products are actually a cement or asphalt and applied as sorts. The latest commercially available products are quite versatile. They are thin enough in order to become applied with sprayers which greatly lessens the labor required yet they are also durable enough and strong enough that once fully cured are usually warranted to last 10 years or maybe with proper registration.
External diversion, drainage and barrier systems working in concert are remarkably effective at waterproofing basement walls. While external systems can be expensive and most are installed at period of building construction, a properly designed system installed at any time in a building’s life cycle present comfortable, water-free basement living for long time.
1694 Mt Zion Church Rd, Iron Station, NC 28080